I graduated from the Ecole normale supérieure de Cachan (Paris) and hold a PhD in Economics from the University of Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne. My recent research is mainly focused on the soft budget constraint phenomenon in a globalized context, on international tax competition and fiscal decentralization, and on local public finance in both developed and developing countries. I have served for four years on the Council of Economic Advisors to the French Prime Minister. In that capacity, I managed research teams and expert panels and wrote several reports dealing with a wide range of topics, namely fiscal competition among European Member States, competitiveness challenges in France and the Euro Area, the impact of innovation on inequalities across regions in the European Union, as well as the development of patent markets, which are connected to "open innovation." I have also been a Scientific Advisor to the Department of Treasury and Forecasting (French Ministry of Economy and Finance), and to the French Agency for Development. In one joint project for the French Agency of Development, an analytical guide has been developed in order to make cross-cutting comparisons of decentralization processes between Francophone and Anglophone countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. I have also worked for the World Bank as a short-term consultant on the reform of Cameroon's constitution regarding decentralization issues, and more recently, on fiscal decentralization and secession in Sub-Saharan countries. Also at the World Bank, I have collaborated with the research department on a project related to fiscal competition in developing countries. As far as decentralization is concerned, I am still involved in a research project funded by the Swiss National Research Foundation, in which I am studying the impact of fiscal decentralization on the propensity of policy-makers to use PPPs to provide public services. My latest publications appeared in the European Economic Review, the Journal of Urban Economics, Public Choice, and International Tax and Public Finance. My research was also published in the World Bank Public Policy working papers series and by Cambridge University Press.
My stay at the IQSS will be the occasion to complete three ongoing projects. The first one is related to the impact of trade liberalization and capital mobility on the incentive for governments to bail out firms. Indeed, we show that benefits and costs of bail-out policies ultimately depend on the level of trade costs. This paper uses a game theory approach. The second project is related to the effects of intra- and inter-party ideological polarization on sub-national public expenditures using a US data set. The third project relies on a multi-public goods game and uses an experimental approach to study the impact of fiscal decentralization on the probability of secession. Experiments have already been realized.